Simon Voelker, Christian Corsten, Nur Al huda Hamdan, Kjell Ivar Øvergård, Jan Borchers
In Proceedings of ITS '14, ACM, 279 - 282
Publication year: 2014


Tangibles on interactive surfaces enable users to physically manipulate digital content by placing, manipulating, or removing a tangible object. However, the information whether and how a user grasps these objects has not been mapped out for tangibles on interactive surfaces so far. Based on Buxton’s Three-State Model for graphical input, we present an interaction model that describes input on tangibles that are aware of the user’s grasp. We present two examples showing how the user benefits from this extended interaction model. Furthermore, we show how the interaction with other existing tangibles for interactive tabletops can be modeled.

The Team

This is a research project by Simon VoelkerChristian CorstenNur Al-huda Hamdan, and Jan Borchers from the Media Computing Group and Kjell Ivar Øvergård from the University College of Southeast Norway. It is funded in part through the German B-IT Foundation and through the MACS project.


 author = {Voelker, Simon and Corsten, Christian and Hamdan, Nur Al-huda and \Overg{\aa}rd, Kjell Ivar and Borchers, Jan},
 title = {An Interaction Model for Grasp-Aware Tangibles on Interactive Surfaces},
 booktitle = {Proceedings of the Ninth ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces},
 series = {ITS '14},
 year = {2014},
 isbn = {978-1-4503-2587-5},
 location = {Dresden, Germany},
 pages = {279--282},
 numpages = {4},
 url = {},
 doi = {10.1145/2669485.2669494},
 acmid = {2669494},
 publisher = {ACM},
 address = {New York, NY, USA},
 keywords = {interaction model, interactive surfaces, tangibles},